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Coats of Arms Index

 This page provides a link to the other pages on this website that contains information about the Audley Coats of Arms as follows:


The Audley Coats of Arms


Images of the Audley Coats of Arms

Similar Coats of Arms

Fret, Fretty and Heater

    • The primary purpose of this page is to allow touch screen PCs and Tablets (without the Hover facility) to negotiate to the pages containing information about Coats of Arms

Fret; Fretty & Heater

 Joseph Foster in his book 'Feudal Coats of Arms' describes the coat of arms borne by Sir Nicholas de Audley, Baron of Heleigh, at the battle of Falkirk in 1298 as 'gules a fret (vel fretty) or'. That is  a gold interwoven lattice on a red background. The lattice is described as a fret (alternatively a fretty).The purpose of this page is to explain the difference  between a 'Fret' and a 'Fretty' as these shields form the basis of the coats of arms used by other members of the Audley Family. This explanation is based on information in 'Heraldry' by Henry Bedingfield, Rouge Croix Pursuivant & Peter Gwynn-Jones, Lancaster Herald published in 1993

       A Fret
    The definition of a Fret: A mascle interlaced with a bendlet and a bendlet sinister
   bend    losenge    bendsinister
  A bend    A lozenge (a diamond)    A bend sinister
   bendelet    mascule    benseletsinister
  A bendlet    A mascle (a voided lozenge)    A bendlet sinister
       Combining the above three 'Ordinaries' onto a single shield gives the following three versions of a fret
   fret2    fret3    fret1
       The definition of a Fretty: Bendlets and Bendlets sinister interlaced throughout the shield. This looks like netting.


A Bendlet



A Bendlet sinister

   By combining bendlets and bendlets sinister one can produce a number of different designs of a Fretty depending upon the number of  bendlets and bendlets sinister used and the way they are interlaced as shown below.
   fretty51    fretty53    fretty52
   fretty41    fretty43    fretty42
   fretty31    fretty33    fretty32
  The shape of the shield used on this page is known as a 'heater’ the relative dimensions are shown below

Images of Coats of Arms

This website page shows images of various Coats of Arms taken from a range of sources.


The Coat of Arms of {Z61} James Touchet, 17th Baron Lord Audley of Heleigh Castle, in the County of Stafford, Earl of Castlehaven and 7th Baron Audley of Orier in Ireland. He held these titles between 1740 and 1769. The motto 'Je Le Tiens' translates to 'I hold it'.


 The above coat of Arms is taken from 'Baronagium Genealogicum' or 'the pedigrees of the English Peers deduced from earliest times.....including as well collateral as lineal descent' Originally compiled by Sir W Segar and continued to 'present times' by J Edmundson with additions by F Hargrave. Published in 6 volumes between 1764 & 1784.


The Coat of Arms of {Z49} Bishop Edmund Audley DTh (1430 - 1524) as a ceiling boss in the Audley Chantry at  Salisbury Cathedral



The Coat of Arms of {Z49} Bishop Edmund Audley DTh (1430 - 1524) combined with that of the See of Salisbury on the modern altar cloth at Salisbury Cathedral.


The Coat of Arms of 23rd 'Baron Audley of Heleigh' Thomas Percy Henry Touchet Tuchet-Jesson (1913 - 1963)


The Coat of Arms of {Z38} John Awdeley (left portion) marshalled with that of his first wife (right portion) Isabella Mylberry the illegitimate daughter of King Edward IV. This information has been taken from 'Heraldry' written by Henry Bedingfield, Rouge Croix Persuivant and Peter Gwynn-Jones Lancaster Herald

   AudleyChapel6    AudleyWaldenGarterPlate
  The Coat of Arms of {Z142} Thomas, Lord Audley, 1st (& last) Baron Audley of Walden KG, PC,KS. This coat of arms is in the roof of the Audley Chapel at Berechurch, near Colchester in Essex.     The Garter plate in St George's Chapel Windsor of {Z142} Thomas, Lord Audley, 1st (& Last) Baron Audley of Walden KG, PC KS.

 Whilst the coat of Arms of Thomas, Lord Audley, 1st (&last) Baron Audley of Walden is very different from the other Audley coat of arms shown on this page, it should be noted that the emblem in the centre of the shield is a fret.



Enlargement of 'Audley' Coat of Arms in the lower middle section of the stained glass window.


The east window (original circa 1325) in the church at Weston-under- Lizeard, Staffordshire has the arms of Sir John de Weston and his first wife and his mother, probably Joan daughter of James de Audley; this shield being 'Gules fretty or' (ref Staff. Cols, New S, Vol II, p 43)

The above information has been taken from 'The Parentage of James de Audley K.G.'  taken from Staff Cols, New S, Vol  IX, p 245 - 268.


Seal of {Z27} James Audley, Knight of the Garter attached to an original instrument in the Royal Library  at Paris.

This image has been taken from Appendix IX of 'Memorials of the Order of the Garter From its Foundation to the Present Time with Biographical Notices of the Knights in the Reigns of Edward III and Richard II' by George Frederick Beltz K.H., Lancester Herald and published in 1841.


Similar Coats of Arms

This website page shows images of Coats of Arms that are similar to the Audley Coats of Arms and are taken from a range of locations.


Verdun coat of arms in a stained glass window in the north transept of Ludlow Parish Church Shropshire.

The Audley Coat of Arms is reputed to be the Verdun Coat of Arms with the colours reversed. For more information about the Verdun family follow the link below



 The Coat of Arms of Ralph Srawell Dutton (1898- 1985) the 8th Baron Sherbourne. He was the last of his line. The 'moon' on its back (a cadency symbol) indicated that he was the second son.


  The Coat of Arms is above the front door of Hinton Ampner House in Hampshire and shows the 'Audley Fret' in two opposing quarters of the shield.

It has traditionally been accepted that Thomas Dutton of Dutton, Cheshire was one of the four squires who attended Sir James Audley at the battle of Poitiers and as a reward Sir James Audley granted them the right to augment their coats of arms with his coat of arms namely 'gules fretty or'.

An article titled 'Cheshire Squires' on the 'Other Published Information' page on this website gives more details on the Audley Dutton relationship. However the room stewards of Hinton Ampner House (a National Trust property) indicate that there is evidence that the Dutton family were using 'Gules Fretty Or' prior to the battle of Poitiers.

   Whitmoreshield    DuttonShield
   The Whitmore Family Coat of Arms     The Dutton Family Coat of Arms

 Draycott Coat of Arms

Based on coat of arms on tomb in St Margret's Church Draycott in the Moor, Staffordshire


Coats of Arms

 Coats of Arms belong to individuals not surnames. A Coat of Arms is granted to an individual and passes to his descendants in the male line.  When an individual has been granted a Coat of Arms, his sons, during the father's lifetime, will 'difference' their Coat of Arms by the addition of a 'label'.

Shown below are a number of 'Coat of Arms' used by various members of the Audley Family. More detailed information about these Coats of Arms and the source of my information can be found by selecting the links  to supporting information at various places within this web page.


  The Verdun family held lands, that had been granted directly by the King, in Staffordshire, Warwickshire, and Leicestershire, and the Verdun family sub-let (or subinfuedated) the Manor of Aldithley (or Audley) in Staffordshire.



 Verdun Coat of Arms



 Audley Coat of Arms

There are several cases where a vassel (i.e. Lord Audley) used the arms of his overlord (i.e. Lord Verdun), but with the colours reversed.

verdunshieldpluscrossformy   fretty51   label3
 {Z5} Henry De Aldithley or Audley  

 {Z9} William De Aldithley

{Z10} Nicholas De Aldithley

{Z27} Sir James De Aldithley KG

   {Z13} Sir James Aldithley(2nd Lord Audley of Heleigh)
lyoncel   final shield 5   final shield 1

{Z26} Sir James of Co Gloucester

The Complete Peerage Vol 1 page 348 refers to him being styled of Gloucestershire


Sir Hugh of Co Gloucester

whiteboarder   chevrons   windsorshield

{Z24} Hugh de Aldithley

  {Z24} Hugh de Aldithley created 8th Earl of Gloucester in 1337. He became Earl of Gloucester as a result of his marriage, in 1317, to Margaret de Clare the daughter of Richard De Clare the 6th Earl of Gloucester  

{Z27} Sir James De Aldithley KG

as displayed at

St George's Hall




  Audleyof waldentype2

{Z61} James Touchet, 17th Lord Audley of Heleigh, in the County of Stafford,  7th Earl of Castlehaven and  7th Baron Orier in Ireland


 {Z38} John Touchet 6th Lord Audley of Heleigh

  {Z142}Thomas, Lord Audley 1st (and last) Baron Audley of Walden KG, PC, KS

The Audley Battle Pennon


The Audley Battle Pennon was carried by  {Z37} James Touchet Lord Audley of Heleigh at the Battle of Blore Heath near Market Drayton on 23rd September 1459. James Touchet Lord Audley was the leader of the Lancastrian Forces in this the first battle of the Wars of the Roses. He was slain in the battle and is buried in Darley Abbey in Derbyshire. A cross was erected after the battle at the place where Lord Audley fell and it still stands to this day. For more information on the Battle of Blore Heath see the Blore Heath website.

     The supporting evidence for the above information is contained in the files below:

pdf Supporting Evidence part 1

pdf Supporting Evidence part 2


 The  above Coat of Arms is that used by the Earls of Castlehaven, who were also Barons Audley of Heleigh and Barons of Orier.

This Coat of Arms is based on  that in Baronagium Genealogicum a copy of which can be seen on the 'images of Coats of Arms' page

Thicknesse1   Thicknesse2

   The above two Coats of Arms represents two alternatives used by the Thicknesse Family when they held the title of Baron Audley of Heleigh. Of the two we believe the right hand version is the correct version. For details  follow the link below. Both these images are based on Burke's Peerage 1851 and 1853 editions.

 pdf  Supporting Evidence part 3


  The Coat of Arms of the Jesson Family when they held the title of Barons Audley of Heleigh


Our Research of Audley


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